FALLOPIO, Gabriele

(1523-1562)
Gabriele Fallopio, an Italian anatomist, advanced Renaissance medicine with his descriptions of the ear, the reproductive organs, and the musculature of the head and by refuting ancient authorities such as Aristotle and Galen. Born in Modena, Fallopio was first educated in the classics, but later studied medicine. After a brief and unsuccessful practice in surgery, he continued his medical studies at Ferrara, where he was appointed to the chair of pharmacy. In 1549 he took the chair of anatomy at the University of Pisa, where he was falsely accused of practicing human vivisection. In 1551 he accepted the prestigious chair of anatomy at Padua as successor to Matteo Colombo and Andreas Vesalius.*
Numerous works attributed to Fallopio were actually lecture notes that were edited for publication after his death and therefore may not be fully authentic. However, his Observationes anatomicae (Anatomical Observations) of 1561, a commentary on the De humani corporis fabrica (On the Structure of the Human Body) of Vesalius, is important because it corrects some observations of his predecessor. By dissecting cadavers of infants and fetuses, he advanced the understanding of the ossification of the occiput and sternum, as well as the origin and development of primary and secondary teeth. He improved Vesalius's ac­count of the structure of the ear and provided detailed accounts of the muscles of the face and scalp, as well as the muscles for chewing and those governing the larynx. He correctly opposed erroneous ancient views regarding blood flow, but denied Vesalius's correct account of venous valves.
In addition to works on anatomy, he wrote about syphilis, surgery, and the production of drugs. His detailed accounts of female anatomy contributed greatly to the understanding of reproduction. He coined the word "vagina" and dis­proved popular misconceptions about coition. His accurate description of the tubes connecting the uterus and ovaries resulted in their name.
Bibliography
C. D. O'Malley, in Dictionary of Scientific Biography, ed. C. Gillespie, vol. 4, 1981: 519-21.
Tim McGee

Renaissance and Reformation 1500-1620: A Biographical Dictionary. . 2001.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Fallopio, Gabriele — VER Falopio, Gabriele …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Fallopio — Fallopio, Gabriele …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Gabriele Fallopio — Gabriele Falloppio, Porträt eines unbekannten Künstler aus dem 16. Jahrhundert Gabriele Falloppio (auch Fallopio; * 1523 in Modena; † 9. Oktober 1562 in Padua) war ein italienischer Anatom und Chirurg. Besser bekannt ist er unter seinem… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Gabriele Falloppio — Gabriele Falloppio, Porträt eines unbekannten Künstler aus dem 16. Jahrhundert Gabriele Falloppio (auch Fallopio; * 1523 in Modena; † 9. Oktober 1562 in Padua) war ein italienischer Anatom und Chirurg. Besser bekannt ist er unter seinem… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Fallopio — noun Italian anatomist who first described the Fallopian tubes (1523 1562) • Syn: ↑Fallopius, ↑Gabriele Fallopius, ↑Gabriello Fallopio • Instance Hypernyms: ↑anatomist …   Useful english dictionary

  • Gabriele Fallopius — noun Italian anatomist who first described the Fallopian tubes (1523 1562) • Syn: ↑Fallopius, ↑Fallopio, ↑Gabriello Fallopio • Instance Hypernyms: ↑anatomist …   Useful english dictionary

  • Falopio, Gabriele — altFalopio o Fallopio, Gabriele/alt (Falloppio) ► (1523 62) Anatomista y cirujano italiano, autor de la obra Observaciones anatómicas, en la que describe el acueducto (oído interno), el ligamento (de la espina ilíaca al pubis) y la trompa (que… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Gabriel Fallopio — Gabriele Falloppio, Porträt eines unbekannten Künstler aus dem 16. Jahrhundert Gabriele Falloppio (auch Fallopio; * 1523 in Modena; † 9. Oktober 1562 in Padua) war ein italienischer Anatom und Chirurg. Besser bekannt ist er unter seinem… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Fallopius, Fallopio — Gabriele, Italian anatomist, 1523–1562. See fallopian aqueduct, fallopian arch, fallopian canal, fallopian hiatus, fallopian ligament, fallopian neuritis, fallopian pregnancy, fallopian tube, aqueductus fallopii, tuba fallopiana, fallopian tube …   Medical dictionary

  • Gabriello Fallopio — noun Italian anatomist who first described the Fallopian tubes (1523 1562) • Syn: ↑Fallopius, ↑Gabriele Fallopius, ↑Fallopio • Instance Hypernyms: ↑anatomist …   Useful english dictionary

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